by Ahmad Mheich, Fabrice Wendling, Mahmoud Hassan
Graph theoretical approach has proved an effective tool to understand, characterize, and quantify the complex brain network. However, much less attention has been paid to methods that quantitatively compare two graphs, a crucial issue in the context of brain networks. Comparing brain networks is indeed mandatory in several network neuroscience applications. Here, we discuss the current state of the art, challenges, and a collection of analysis tools that have been developed in recent years to compare brain networks. We first introduce the graph similarity problem in brain network application. We then describe the methodological background of the available metrics and algorithms of comparing graphs, their strengths, and limitations. We also report results obtained in concrete applications from normal brain networks. More precisely, we show the potential use of brain network similarity to build a “network of networks” that may give new insights into the object categorization in the human brain. Additionally, we discuss future directions in terms of network similarity methods and applications.